Related/Support Services

  • Related services are mandated on the students IEP to assist a student with a disability to achieve their annual goals and make progress in the general education curriculum. Related services also assist students to better participate in nonacademic activities like peer interactions, organizational skills and daily living activities.  Related services also support students to make it possible for them to participate in the least restrictive environment.  Speech and language services, occupational therapy and counseling are just a few of the related services offered in the CCSD schools.

    Not all services at CCSD are IEP driven. Students with and without disabilities commonly receive Academic Intervention Services (AIS) at their home school when they have been assessed to have an educational need. These services are provided through the Response to Intervention (RTI) process at your child’s school during a meeting with the school’s Instructional Support Team (IST). The services can include but are not limited to math and reading support, student assistance counselor support and speech and language services.  Contact your school principal for more information about (AIS) services and the Instructional Support Team (IST).


    School Psychology

    School Psychologists have been trained as educators as well as psychologists and work closely with other Instructional Support Team members to support the needs of students through observation, as well as consultation with teachers, parents, and private mental health providers. They can provide insights into how to best support a student in the classroom through functional behavioral assessment and psychoeducational evaluation.

     School Psychologists are responsible for the ongoing monitoring and support of students identified as having a disability by the Committee on Special Education. They provide reevaluation to assess progress as well as emergent needs. They provide mandated counseling services to help students address identified areas that interfere with academic and/or social emotional success, such as: 

    -        Developing compensatory skills for coping with disability
    -        Developing social and self-regulation skills
    -        Coping with anxieties around peer relationships, academics or school phobia
    -        Building resiliency to foster self-esteem and self confidence

     They also work with other school mental health professionals to:

    -        Coping with loss (bereavement)
    -        Managing family change
    -        Identifying students who experience physical, sexual or emotional abuse
    -        Assessing students who are at-risk


     Counseling Services

    This support service is available to all students and is provided by Student Assistance Counselors in every school in the district. Student Assistance Counselors are highly trained support professionals provide services to address the complex mental health needs of students and families to facilitate academic success, by helping students with a wide range of issues, including: 

    -        Coping with illness (physical or mental)/death of family member or friend
    -        Managing changes due to separation, divorce, blended families
    -        Coping with difficulties around peer relationships, academics or school phobia
    -        Building resiliency to foster self-esteem and self confidence
    -        Providing interventions for students experimenting with drugs and alcohol
    -        Assisting students who are struggling with issues of family substance abuse
    -        Identifying students who experience physical, sexual or emotional abuse
    -        Supporting students who are struggling with sexual orientation or gender identity
    -        Supporting students who are confronted with pregnancy, poverty or homelessness 

    The following services are provided to address these issues:

    -        Individual counseling
    -        Group counseling
    -        Crisis Counseling
    -        District wide Crisis Response
    -        Parenting Workshops
    -        Classroom Presentations on topics such as; substance abuse, suicide, depression, violence prevention, conflict resolution, peer mediation, anti-bullying
    -        Staff development for social-emotional and behavioral issues that impact learning
    -        Coordination of Mentoring Programs
    -        Community liaison through involvement with organizations, private practitioners, and county wide task forces
    -        Alternative student activities through clubs and events

    Speech Services

    Students sometimes require different types of intervention to address their speech and language needs.  If your child is referred for speech and language services, the following options may be considered appropriate:

    Consultation:  The Speech and language therapist works with the classroom teacher to ensure that the student's communication skills are developing appropriately

    Speech as an Academic Intervention Service (AIS):  Students who need speech under AIS are referred by the building instructional support team.  The team, along with the parent, creates an AIS plan that identifies the student's goals for speech and language improvement.

    Speech as a Related Service:  If the student's speech and language skills are adversely affecting his/her learning and require a more intensive program, the Committee on Special Education (CSE) can recommend speech and language services as a related service on an Individualized Education Program (IEP).


    Hearing Impaired Services

    In order to receive hearing impaired services, the student has to be identified by an audiologist as having a hearing impairment that adversely affects his/her ability to learn. Services can be delivered in the following way:

    504 Accommodation Plan:  This is for students who only need classroom accommodations and specialized equipment, such as FM technology, might be referred to the building 504 committee.  The 504 committee will consult with a teacher of the hearing impaired to develop an appropriate plan.

    Consultation:  The teacher of the hearing impaired will work with the classroom teacher to ensure that the student is progressing appropriately.

    Hearing Services:  The student will work with the teacher of the hearing impaired to develop strategies to help compensate for his/her hearing impairment in the school environment.

    Professional Development:  Teachers of the hearing impaired can provide professional development to other staff regarding the impact of hearing impairment on a student's ability to learn.

    Amplification Equipment:  Teachers of the hearing impaired work closely with the parents, audiologists, and cochlear implant providers to ensure that appropriate technology is being utilized by the student with a hearing impairment.


    Occupational Therapy

    Occupational therapy is a related services provided by a licensed occupational therapist or a licensed occupational therapy assistant to improve, develop or restore a student’s functional ability as it relates to their educational needs. An Occupational Therapist evaluate students, adapts the educational environment, assesses the need for adaptive equipment and collaborates with teachers and other related service providers. Occupational therapy in school is designed to improve the student's capacity to fully access and be successful in the school environment. School-based skills may include:

    -        developing handwriting or fine motor skills so the student can complete assignments
    -        helping the student with organizational skills (including in and around their desk, lockers, folders, etc.),
    -        working with teachers to modify the classroom environment for optimal access for each student
    -        adapting materials to enable the student to participation.  


    Physical Therapy

    Physical therapy is a related service that focuses on the student's ability to move their body, maintain posture, combine movement into gross motor skills and increase strength and stamina for functional mobility. A physical therapist evaluates students, adapts the educational environment, assesses the need for adaptive equipment and collaborates with teachers and other related service providers.

    Physical therapy in school is designed to improve the student's ability to access and be successful in the school environment.

    This may include activities such as:

    -        moving throughout the school
    -        sitting in a chair or on the carpet
    -        standing in line
    -        using the playground or physical education equipment 


    Behavioral Consultation

    Behavioral Consultation is provided to the teachers and staff to support students in the school environment. CCSD’s Behavior Intervention Specialist work collaboratively with teachers, school staff and families to develop strategies, interventions and provide training.

    Behavior Intervention Specialists role includes:

    -        Observing students and collecting data
    -        Writing Functional Behavior Assessments (FBA)
    -        Writing and implementing and Behavior Support Plans/Behavior Intervention Plans(BSP/BIP).
    -        Providing support to staff and personnel for a host of behavioral concerns related to social, behavioral, academic and instructional needs.
    -        Assisting teachers in meeting with families to present strategies and formal plans and address behavioral concerns.
    -        Creating plans that outline appropriate strategies that can be used for a whole class or individual students in both large and small group settings.
    -        Providing educational workshops for the community and staff.
    -        Being part of the Instructional Support Team (IST).

    Support from Teachers of the Visually Impaired

    Teachers of the visually impaired evaluate the learning needs of their students and modify materials and the educational environment to best support visually impaired students.  Their role may include:

    -        Coordinating specialized instruction.
    -        Interpreting educational implications of the student’s and the results assessments
    -        Consulting with classroom teacher, support staff and parents, and others to determine services and modification for the student.
    -        Suggest environmental, material and curriculum adaptations for the student.
    -        Assessing areas of instructional need.
    -        Assuring that supplementary materials and equipment needed for the student are provided in a timely manner, so that the can have maximum participation in all classroom           activities.
    -        Assisting the student in developing self-advocacy skills

    ***Not all of these services are available to students without IEPs or 504 Plans.  Contact your school principal for more information.***