LINE is a continuous point in space.
Types of lines: STRAIGHT and CURVED
Directions of lines: VERTICAL, HORIZONTAL and DIAGONAL
Lines can have VARIATIONS: length, width,
space between the lines.
SHAPE is an area defined by an outline or edge.
It is two-dimensional: length and width.
are 2 kinds of shapes: GEOMETRIC and
GEOMETRIC SHAPES are triangles, squares,
rectangles, circles or other polygon figures that can be
IRREGULAR SHAPES are non-geometric and can’t
be measured mathematically.
FORM is an object with three-dimensions – length,
width and DEPTH
is defined mass which occupies and contains physical space
shapes become forms when depth is added: circles
become spheres, squares become cubes, and triangles become
shapes become “free” or “organic” forms.
SPACE is the open parts between, inside, or
surrounding shapes or forms. In two-dimensional art it can refer
to the feeling of depth.
There are two kinds of SPACE in a work of art:
POSITIVE and NEGATIVE
POSITIVE SPACES are the area of a surface
occupied by a shape or form – the main idea of the artwork
NEGATIVE SPACES are the spaces surrounding the
forms - supports the main idea
VALUE is the lights and darks of a color.
TINTS – the light values, when white is added
to a color
SHADES – the dark values, when black is added
to a color
TEXTURE is how the surface feels or looks like it
would feel if we could touch it. There are two types or
texture in art:
TEXTURE – how something actually feels
VISUAL or IMPLIED TEXTURE – how it appears to
feel, or looks like it would feel if we could touch it.
COLOR is derived from reflected light. Light
waves are reflected from objects to your eye. As an artist
we use pigments in the form of powder or liquid paints to create
refers to the name of the color
is the brightness or dullness of a color
colors represent earth tones, grays and browns
COLOR WHEEL is a tool used to organize color.
It is made up of:
PRIMARY COLORS – Red, yellow, blue are the
traditional primaries. (Magenta, cyan and yellow are
the new color wheel primaries) These colors are the basic
foundation colors from which others are formed.
COLORS – Orange, green and violet. These colors
are made by mixing primary colors.
INTERMEDIATE or TERTIARY COLORS – red-orange,
yellow-green, blue-violet, etc. These colors are made
by mixing a primary and an intermediate color.
MONOCHROMATIC is where one color is used but in
different values and intensities.
COMPLEMENTARY colors are OPPOSITE each other on the
color wheel. When placed next to each other they
contrast. When mixed together, they neutralize each
other to form a brown.
ANALOGOUS colors are colors that are NEXT to each
other on the color wheel that share at least one common
color. For example: red, red-orange, and orange are